Hepatitis C is a liver disease brought on by the hepatitis C virus: the virus can lead to both chronic and acute hepatitis, going in intensity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious, constant illness.
The hepatitis C virus is a bloodborne virus and the most common modes of infection are through exposure to small quantities of blood. This may happen through injection drug use, unsafe injection practices, unsafe health care, and the transfusion of unscreened blood and blood products.
All over the world, an estimated 71 million people have chronic hepatitis C infection.
A considerable number of those who are chronically affected will develop cirrhosis or liver cancer.
Approximately 399 000 people die every year from hepatitis C, primarily from cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma.
Antiviral medicines can cure in excess of 95% of persons with hepatitis C infection, thereby reducing the possibility of death from liver cancer and cirrhosis, but easy access to diagnosis and treatment is low.
There is at this time no vaccine for hepatitis C; however research in this area is recurring.
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes both acute and chronic infection. Acute HCV infection is ordinarily asymptomatic, and is only very hardly ever (if ever) associated with life-threatening disease. About 15-- 45% of infected persons automatically clear the virus within 6 months of infection with no treatment.
The remaining 60-- 80% of persons will get chronic HCV infection. Of those with chronic HCV infection, the risk of cirrhosis of the liver is between 15-- 30% within 20 years.
Your liver is your most significant internal organ and your body's workhorse. Among its many jobs are converting food into fuel, processing fat from your blood, clearing harmful toxins, and making proteins that help your blood clot. Yet this hard-working, supersized organ is susceptible to a dangerous and often hard-to-diagnose condition called nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, or NAFLD.
Liver disease - Fatty Liver.
NAFLD is defined as the appearance of fat in more than 5% of liver cells. It is the most commonplace liver disease and affects up to 25% of American adults, 60% of whom are men.
The disease increases your risk of heart disease and left untreated, NAFLD also can lead to an inflamed liver, a condition called nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).
In fact, as many as 40% of people with NAFLD develop NASH. NASH can bring on scarring of the liver; severe scarring, called cirrhosis, increases your risk of liver cancer.
A growing problem.
Although drinking an excessive amount alcohol can cause fat escalation in the liver, NAFLD affects people who consume little or no alcohol.
Instead, the main culprit is excess weight-- which causes extra fat to get stored in the liver-- and is related to dyslipidemia (abnormally high LDL cholesterol levels, low HDL levels, or both), high blood pressure, and diabetes.
Fatty Liver & Obesity
As the number of overweight people has increased, so too has the prevalence of NAFLD. "Much of this can be attributed to a regular diet of more refined foods and higher amounts of carbohydrates, coupled with more sedentary lifestyles," says Dr. Kathleen Corey, director of the Fatty Liver Disease Clinic at Harvard-affiliated Massachusetts General Hospital. She adds that read more some people with fatty livers have none of these risk factors, which suggests that genes can play an important role.
Acquiring healthy eating habits isn't as confusing or as restrictive as many people imagine. The important steps are to eat mostly foods derived from plants-- vegetables, fruits, whole grains and legumes (beans, peas, lentils)-- and limit highly processed foods. Begin on your healthy diet by following the links in this article.